Pepsico has been working on bio-based/biodegradable flexible films for food packaging to help achieve their sustainability goals of having 100% RCB compliance for our packages as well as 20% reduction in GHG by 2030. While flexible package is a very sustainable option from a material use point of view, the multi-layer multi-material structures are not conducive for recycling and mostly end up in the landfill or as litter. While the biodegradable films help with the end of life issues by designing for managed waste infrastructures like composting and anaerobic digestion, it cannot be at the expense of performance compromises such as reduced shelf stability. Oxygen barrier is not a problem with these films but achieving the very high moisture barrier required for packaging dry foods (< 0.3 g/m2/day under tropical conditions of 38C/90% RH) has been a challenge. Pepsico understands that metallization will be needed to achieve the high moisture barrier requirements, but even with metallization they have not been able to reach this barrier with bio-based films. Also, it is important to maintain this barrier under forming conditions in the VFFS process of bag-making. Pepsico is looking for novel resins that can be co-extruded with our core resins to form a skin layer with high functionality that can anchor metal to film or highly functional coatings which would serve the same purpose. Inherently high barrier coatings that can be applied as primer coating or top coating over metal could also be a solution.
- Barrier skin resins should be co-extrudable with PLA/PHA resin in blown film or cast film processing conditions
- The barrier skin layer should have good adhesion to core layer, or a suitable tie layer needs to be identified
- The barrier resin should be biodegradable under home composting conditions at a minimum
- If barrier or metallization primer coating, it should be applicable on to our film by commercially available roll coating processes
- Possible to metallize on top of skin layer or coating
- The ideal solution would have all the Must Haves and all the Nice to Haves. Of the multiple technologies that meet all the Must Haves (minimum requirement) the one that meets the most Nice-to-Haves may be the best. Based on weighting factors the Nice to Have factors could be used to prioritize similar solutions.
- The skin layer option is preferable as it enables avoiding a unit operation in the conversion cycle
- Identification of barrier options (both skin or coating) which could help avoid metallization would be ideal (stretch goal)
- Solvent-free coating technology is ideal from a GHG point of view but willing to try both water-based and even solvent-based technologies
- Recent advances in metallization with other metals like silicon etc. are welcome
Past work and “Out of Scope” List
Technologies that have been previously investigated would only have interest if a significant advancement has been made beyond PepsiCo’s knowledge.
- Solvent cast film technologies would not be commercially available
- PGA, G-polymer as skin resins
- Nano-cellulose, nano-clay coatings but recent advances are welcome
Preferred Collaboration Types
We are open to the following types of engagement
- sponsored research for development and proof of concept testing, consultation, licensing existing technology for PEP to apply, purchase commercial ready solution, open to any, etc.).